When English EFL foreign language learners have listening comprehension problems it can be wearisome. If you use videos, CDs or audio cassette tapes, or even perhaps when speaking your learners can have their lesson input interrupted by no listening comprehension skills. Comprehensible input (Krashen, 1989) is an essential part of any English or foreign language class.

Contributing Factors

These seven factors can directly or indirectly contribute to your learners' listening comprehension skills and comprehension.

1. Vocabulary

ELT author, researcher and lecturer Scott Thornbury said, ". count one hundred words of a (reading) passage. If more than ten of the words are unknown, the text has less than a 90% vocabulary recognition rate. It's not therefore, unreadable." (S. Thornbury, 2004) The same then is likely true for a listening passage. Remember, "You can never be too rich, too thin or have enough foreign language vocabulary" as the old saying goes.

2. Rhyming Sounds

Have you ever taught or learned poems? If so, you'll remember that there are several types of rhyming patterns which may be employed. Alliteration, onomatopoeia, assonance and consonance, simile, metaphor and allusion, among others, all lend their own ambience to written or spoken language in Language.

Note: If you prefer or do you need a quick refresher on these poetic elements, you should read, "How to Evoke Imagery, Emotions and Ideas in Writing Poetry That Captures Your potential customers Imagination" and "How create Poems That Capture soul and Imagination of Your Readers" with the author. (L.M. Lynch, 2007)

3. Idioms and Expressions

In every language there are frequently-used idioms and expressions that allow its speakers to convey nuances of thought to one another effortlessly therefore greater clarity that simply "explaining" everything verbally. It means helpful to understand as many of these as possible, but an individual are don't, the meanings numerous conversations or spoken exchanges may just be "lost" towards listener.

4. Pronunciation

Everyone speaks differently and uses types of connected speech in distinctive ways. Elements including elision, contraction, juncture, liaison, register, accommodation, aspect, intonation and others, affect pronunciation and speech patterns on somebody basis. When learners are unfamiliar, also ignorant of, these elements, listening comprehension can be significantly impacted.

5. Regional or National Accents

The same sentence when spoken by people from different first language (L1) backgrounds, regional locations, or ethnic backgrounds can be decisively diverse. Unfamiliarity with such on the part of EFL learners can create definite insufficient listening comprehension or "comprehensible input" as said before.

6. Grammar in Context

When grammar and its aspects are taught as "separate" themes, that is, outside of a typical relevant context, learners could be "handicapped" so to speak by not knowing just when and how particular grammar structures are utilized by native speakers during an oral discourse or verbal exchange. Faster they, the learners, hear a grammar structure may "know", but learned "out of context", they can regularly "miss it", misinterpret it or not really understand what they are hearing.

7. Language Rhythms

One of the big differences between English and say, Spanish, is that one language is "syllable-based" while another is "accent-based". This is the reason non-native speakers sounding "funny" when speaking a language other than their mother tongue.

With epithets like, "oh, she luv-ed him but chew-no it wuzn't not no guud, mahn for demm Free 9 Grade Papers ship."

These forms of epithets derive not from a lack of English another foreign speaking skills in particular, but rather from pronunciation based on using an "incorrect" spoken language beat.